15 de diciembre de 2007

William Kamkwamba

Hace tiempo que vengo leyendo el blog de William Kamkwamba. A aquellos que sepáis un poquito de inglés os animo a que lo leáis. A aquellos que no os defendáis con el inglés también aunque solo sea por ver sus fotos.

En la primera de las entradas de su blog, William contaba al mundo cómo con muy pocos medios consiguió hacer un molino de viento muy rudimentario pero con el que pudo dar energía eléctrica a la casa de sus padres donde vive con sus hermanos, en Malawi.

Vivía con 4 de sus 6 hermanos y sus padres y una choza a 2 horas y media de la capital de Malawi.

Su familia es muy pobre, cómo casi todas las de Malawi. No hay electricidad ni en su casa ni en su aldea. Durante muchos años se han alumbrado con velas de parafina, que ademas de ser caras y dar humo, tiene que ir a 8 km de distancia a por ellas.

Pero William procuró leer y aprender mucho, especialmente sobre energía y como usarla y transformarla. Uno de de los libros que cayó en sus manos tenía unos planos de molinos de viento y decidió construir uno para darle luz a su familia.

Con muy poco dinero y medios, pero con muchas ganas construyó un molino de viento con trozos de bicicleta y las chapas de un bidón. El molino ahora sirve para dar luz a tres habitaciones y a dos radios y cargar los móviles de los vecinos.

Puedes leer muchas cosas más en su blog, como cuando fue por primera vez al dentista o cómo disfrutó al buscar por primera vez en google sobre Molinos de Viento.

William Kamkwamba

Texto en en inglés de su primera entrada:
My name is William Kamkwamba. I am 19 years old. I live in Mastala Village in the area of T/A Wimbe in the Kasungu district of Malawi, about 2 1/2 hours north of Lilongwe, Malawi's capital city. Over the next few weeks, I will try to communicate the journey I have taken over the last several years.

One note: My native language is Chichewa, the indigenous language of Malawi. The country's official language is English, and my English comprehension is good. I can speak pretty well, too, and write, but I'm a bit out of practice, so a friend of mine is helping with the writing and editing of this blog.

At home I live with my family, parents Agnes and Trywell Kamkwamba and four of my six sisters. I'm second among the seven children: my older sister is married and has two children and lives away from our home. My next younger sister is away part of the year at school.

After my primary education, I was accepted at and began secondary education in Malawi. I began first form (equivalent to a high school freshman in America) and took two trimesters out of three. After the second trimester, I was forced to drop out of school because my family and I did not have enough money to pay the school fees.

I was out of school for five years.

Windmill_shot_3 Our family is poor like many families in Malawi and Africa, and as a result, we have no electricity in our village or my home. For many years we had only paraffin candles to light my home at night. They are expensive, smoky, smelly and have to be purchased about 8 km from home.

During that time I decided to try to get as much education as possible by reading as many books as I could find. An organization called the Malawian Teacher Training Activity (MTTA), a project of USAID contributed a large quantity of books to the primary school library near my home. I read many of them. One of the books I read was called Using Energy, a primary school textbook about how energy is made. Inside the book there were plans for a windmill. I decided to build a windmill to provide power for my family.

My problem was that I didn't have much money to buy parts to construct the windmill. Over time, I found materials that had been discarded by other farmers or by the nearby tobacco plantations, and I bought a few parts with money I scraped together: 500 Kwacha (Malawian currency) or $2.75 (US $1=145 Kwacha) for two bearings.

500 Kwacha for a bicycle dynamo (the kind that powers a bike's light when you ride the bike.)

400 Kwacha for a fan belt

800 Kwacha for a bicycle frame

Me_standing_at_the_top_of_the_win_2 I built my first windmill when I was 15. Over the next few years I kept refining the design. I made many modifications to the plans i found in the book. For example, I increased the blades from three to four to provide more power output.

The windmill now powers lights for 3 rooms and a light over our porch outside. I also use it to power my family's two radios. I also can charge mobile phones that the neighbors have.

In November of 2006, the deputy director of the MTTA, Dr. Hartford Mchazime found out about me while visiting the library where his organization had sent the books. He asked to visit me at my home to see the windmill. He asked me many questions about how I had built it. I will explain in detail in my next message.

Dr. Mchazime brought several journalists to see the windmill, among them Sangwani Mwafulirwa, reporter for The Daily Times, one of Malawi's largest newspapers.

As a result of the publicity, Dr. Mchazime was able to raise enough money to send me back to secondary school. I've been enrolled for a trimester at a boarding school about an hour from my home on the way to Lilongwe.

Unbeknownst to me until about two weeks ago, Soyapi Mumba, a software engineer based in Lilongwe brought the article to the attention of Mike McKay, his colleague who writes a blog called Hactivate, and Mike posted on his blog about the story in the newspaper. I found out recently that several other people also wrote about my story on their blogs, too.

My_farm_2 Two weeks ago I used a computer for the first time. I learned about Google and searched for "windmill" and "solar energy." I was amazed to learn how many entries there were for both subjects. My friends showed me how to create an email address and now I am on Gmail. Now I am practicing sending and receiving emails when I have access to a computer.

I don't have regular access to a computer yet, but I'm working on a way to get online more easily. You can write me at williamkamkwamba at g mail dot com.

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